Legislation on metrology has been ignored by virtually all discussions and analyses of social credit in China. This is in spite of the fact that the Planning Outline on the Construction of a Social Credit System (2014 – 2020) defines China’s social credit system as based on laws and regulations, standards, and contracts.
Yet, those who are familiar with production and quality-control processes – particularly as they take place within global supply chains – will immediately be aware of the meaning of this piece of legislation. After all, the melamine milk produced by Sino-foreign joint ventures was commercialized on the Chinese market, but not in Europe or in the United States, due to our respective legislation on quality, and on metrology.
The following version of the Metrology Law is based on an editing of an earlier version, published on the official website of the NPC. First promulgated in 1986, the Metrology Law was amended on December 27, 2017 by the 31st Session of the 12th National People’s Congress. Occurring after the ones in 2009, 2013, and 2015, this is the fourth round of amendment.
Metrology Law of the People’s Republic of China
Chapter I. General Principles
Chapter II. Primary Standard Instruments of Measurement, Standard Instruments of Measurement and Metrological Verification
Chapter III. Administrative Control of Measuring Instruments
Chapter IV. Metrological Supervision
Chapter V. Legal Liability
Chapter VI. By-laws
Article 1. The Present Law is formulated to strengthen the metrological supervision and administration, to ensure the uniformity of the national system of units of measurement and the accuracy and reliability of the values of quantities, so as to contribute to the development of production, trade and science and technology, to meet the needs of socialist modernization and to safeguard the interests of the state and the people.