Tag Archives: big data

Social Credit and the 19th CCP Congress. Article – Privacy protection in the age of big data

Information security problems are becoming a hidden danger

Building a privacy protection security wall in the age of big data

Meng Wei

People’s Daily (October 10, 2017)

In the contemporary era, big data, its use and developement, are a resource government, enterprises and individuals scramble for.With the development of big data technology, data mining, integration and exchange are more and more convenient, and the knowledge and use of personal information by some enterprise is becoming deeper and deeper.A large number of personal information is stored, produced, used, exchanged on the internet. On the one hand this facilitates people’s lives, but on the other hand, a large-scale, deep violation of privacy becomes a possibility. The sale of records of personal location, which happened in recent years, the theft of information about one’s list of friends, leakages of electronic business data, the flooding of internet fora with personal data and other similar phenomena show that information security problems in the development and use of big data have become a hidden danger.

Big data technology can extracts valuable practical information and knowledge from a vast sea of incomplete and non-determinate information resources through their classification, clustering, regression analysis, association rules and other algorithms.But the use of this technology will also cause information security problems.At the different stages of data storage, processing and transmission, people’s words and deeds may be controlled and used by others, in their unawareness.The precision marketing so highly praised by commercial enterprises and the advertising industry is just the integration of online and offline big data about users’ interests and hobbies, behaviors, habits and other information that is collected and then used to form a precise positioning of the user, in order to push them to purchase products.

  

Information security threats in the age of big data do not just come from leaking personal information that is then grabbed and recorded. In fact, the deep integration among big data and cloud computing, the internet of things and other technologies is such as to allow to link machines, objects, people, services and other elements, ed establish links among seemingly unrelated objects through computing, analyses, production and other methods, and on this basis make predictions about people’s life conditions and mode of behavior. In addition, the development of big data and related technologies has also made the means to violate privacy more diverse and covert, which makes it difficult to identify parties responsible for violations of privacy.Because information is constantly downloaded, stored, arranged, disseminated through the internet through all kinds of sharing and commercial transactions, those responsible for violations morph from individuals to a vague group, and the specific tortious liability is difficult to trace.

  

The lack of strict and uniform standards and supervision of the collection, storage, management and use of personal information is an important reason causing the frequent occurrence of personal privacy incidents. For example, clear provisions on what kind of information can be collected by which agencies, when and where information can be disclosed, retained and used, and how long should the information be used for, are currently lacking.This leads personal information security having to rely to a large extent on the self-regulation of enterprises and other information users, with binding effects that are obviously limited

  

Information security in the era of big data has become an important issue in the governance of the internet.In practice, a relatively effective solution would be strengthening legislation and protecting citizens’ basic information rights according to the law from new technologies.At present, our country has promulgated dozens of laws and regulations to protect citizen’s personal information security, and the criminal law also has relevant punishment clauses.However, laws and regulations on the computer firms, and on Weibo, Wechat and Sohu [“The Two Wei and the One Duan”] and other organizations conducting a large-scale collection of personal information have an insufficient binding force.Therefore, it is urgent to strengthen the legal regulation and supervision of personal information collection, storage and use.

  

In addition to strengthening legislation, the protection of personal information security should be vigorously pursued in other areas.For example, industry organizations related to big data having the advantage of a timely and highly efficient perception of market development dynamics should strengthen self-regulation within the industry, formulate industry codes of self-regulation on privacy certification rules, and technical protection rules, thus binding the conduct of enterprises. Then, we should promote the regulation of data use for the whole of society, and protect personal information security beginning with the precision of data processing, the manual scraping of data, data cycle protection, the special protection of private data.At the same time, we should also raise citizens’ awareness of personal information security protection according to the law, promote a moderate use of personal information, and evade the information security risks brought about by the development of big data technology.

(Researcher, Institute of Journalism and Communication, CASS)

Special Feature: The 10 Most Pressing Issues in Social Credit Systems

As a special feature of the China Social Credit System Blog, this week leading scholars and experts from PennState, the Foundation for Law and International Affairs, and the Coalition for Peace and Ethics present their comments on the most pressing issues about social credit. These are questions of global relevance that deserve to be examined within a context beyond China, and the more limited field of area studies. An initial reflection on issues surrounding social credit in general, and the Chinese project on social credit, can be found on the ‘Law at the End of the Day’ Blog. This post elaborates and expands upon the views expressed therein.




Read More

State Council Notice Issuing the Development Plan on New Generation Artificial Intelligence

国务院关于印发新一代人工智能发展规划的通知
国发〔2017〕35号

各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委、各直属机构:

现将《新一代人工智能发展规划》印发给你们,请认真贯彻执行。

国务院

2017年7月8日

(此件公开发布)

Read More

Measures on the Credit Record of Statistical Personnel (For Trial Implementation)

国家统计局关于印发《统计从业人员统计信用档案管理办法(试行)》的通知

国统字〔2017〕98号

 

各省、自治区、直辖市统计局,新疆生产建设兵团统计局,国家统计局各调查总队:

 

《统计从业人员统计信用档案管理办法(试行)》已经1月24日国家统计局第3次常务会议审议通过。现印发给你们,请认真贯彻执行。

 

国家统计局

2017年6月30日
Read more

State Council Guiding Opinion on Promoting and Regulating Development of the Use of Big Data in Healthcare Treatment

国务院办公厅关于促进和规范健康医疗大数据应用发展的指导意见

国办发〔201647

各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委、各直属机构:

健康医疗大数据是国家重要的基础性战略资源。健康医疗大数据应用发展将带来健康医疗模式的深刻变化,有利于激发深化医药卫生体制改革的动力和活力,提升健康医疗服务效率和质量,扩大资源供给,不断满足人民群众多层次、多样化的健康需求,有利于培育新的业态和经济增长点。为贯彻落实《国务院关于印发促进大数据发展行动纲要的通知》(国发〔201550号)要求,顺应新兴信息技术发展趋势,规范和推动健康医疗大数据融合共享、开放应用,经国务院同意,现提出如下意见。

Read More

Shaanxi People’s Government General Office Notice Issuing the Implementation Plan on Model Projects in Big Data and Cloud Computing

各设区市人民政府,省人民政府各工作部门、各直属机构:
《陕西省大数据与云计算产业示范工程实施方案》已经省政府同意,现印发给你们,请认真贯彻落实。
陕西省人民政府办公厅
2016年6月17日
Read More

Shaanxi People’s Government Notice on Establishing the Provincial Leading Group for Big Data and Cloud Computing

各设区市人民政府,省人民政府各工作部门、各直属机构:
为深入贯彻落实《国务院关于印发促进大数据发展行动纲要的通知》(国发〔2015〕50号),加快推进我省大数据与云计算产业发展,省政府决定成立省大数据与云计算产业发展领导小组。现将领导小组组成人员通知如下:

Read More

Shaanxi Province Implementing Opinion on Using Big Data to Strengthen Service to and Supervision on Market Subjects

各设区市人民政府,省人民政府各工作部门、各直属机构:
为贯彻落实《国务院办公厅关于运用大数据加强对市场主体服务和监管的若干意见》(国办发〔2015〕51号),充分运用大数据先进理念、技术和资源,加强对市场主体的服务和监管,推进简政放权和政府职能转变,提高政府治理能力,经省政府同意,现提出如下实施意见:

Read More

General Office of the State Council Opinions on Using Big Data to Strengthen Supervision of and Services to Market Subjects

国务院办公厅关于运用大数据加强对市场主体服务和监管的若干意见
国办发〔2015〕51号


各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委、各直属机构:
为充分运用大数据先进理念、技术和资源,加强对市场主体的服务和监管,推进简政放权和政府职能转变,提高政府治理能力,经国务院同意,现提出以下意见。

Read More